Video Games and Creativity (Explorations in Creativity

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Semantic Memory-- facts and generalized information ( concepts, principles, rules; problem-solving strategies; learning strategies) Schema / Schemata -- networks of connected ideas or relationships; data structures or procedures for organizing the parts of a specific experience into a meaningful system (like a standard or stereotype) Proposition -- interconnected set of concepts and relationships; if/then statements (smallest unit of information that can be judged true or false) Script -- "declarative knowledge structure that captures general information about a routine series of events or a recurrent type of social event, such as eating in a restaurant or visiting the doctor" (Stillings et al., 1987) Scheme -- an organization of concepts, principles, rules, etc. that define a perspective and presents specific action patterns to follow Paradigm -- the basic way of perceiving, thinking, valuing, and doing associated with a particular vision of reality (Harman, 1970) Model -- a set of propositions or equations describing in simplified form some aspects of our experience.

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Rationality In An Uncertain World: Essays In The Cognitive

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As Pressley et al. (1980) pointed out, “There is no mechanism in the keyword method to allow retrieval of the whole word from the keyword.” Why was the repetition strategy so successful with productive vocabulary learning? Claim 3 has been extended into an advocacy for apprenticeship training (Brown, Collins, & Duguid, 1989; Collins, Brown, & Newman, 1989). In 1944, he became the deputy director of the computing lab at Manchester University, where they were attempting to build the first true computer.

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The Mind's Arrows: Bayes Nets and Graphical Causal Models in

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At the present time, the department has active research programs in the following areas: Research in these areas is being carried out in laboratories equipped with computers, in association with a variety of specialized stimulus presentation and data acquisition devices (e.g., video display devices, tachistoscopes, speech synthesizers and recognizers, etc.). Example: when depressed a person more readily remembers sad events of her life. For example, Robbins et al. (1996) considered the involvement of the three components of working memory in the selection of chess moves by weaker and stronger players.

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Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on meaning and cognition

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There were numerous illusory conjunctions when attention was widely distributed, but not when the stimuli were presented to focal attention. Gick and Holyoak (1980) gave subjects a story about a general attacking a fortress. Cognitive psychology investigates internal mental processes, such as problem solving, memory, learning, and language (how people think, perceive, communicate, remember and learn). But his interest in science and the history of science soon overtook his interest in snails and clams.

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The Task of Gestalt Psychology (Princeton Legacy Library)

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Computational modelling: From flowcharts to simulations In the past, many experimental cognitive psychologists stated their theories in vague verbal statements. One of the main reasons why events were forgotten was because many events were similar to each other. That is, they may not accurately think about memory or think about thinking the relevant experience to know which strategies to use in which contexts, or find it very difficult to monitor their own thinking processes while using them.

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How We Remember: Brain Mechanisms of Episodic Memory (MIT

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The contents of a thesis should correspond to that found in a published article in an empirical journal that publishes similar work. Process by which experiences or information that has entered the memory system becomes strenghthen so it is resistant to interference caused by a traumna or other events. You will also need to complete a final exam. In this formula, A ∩ B gives you the attributes that are common to the two objects, A—B gives you the attributes that are distinctive to a, and B—A the attributes that are distinctive to b (note that this is not an absolute distinctiveness, but just what is distinctive in one concept relative to the other).

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Aging and Human Motivation (The Springer Series in Adult

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This course provides an introduction to research on language acquisition and its relationship to conceptual development. The observers were good at judging how far the actors had intended to throw the bags, even though there were no lights on the bags. Script-pointer-plus tag hypothesis The script-pointer-plus-tag hypothesis was put forward by Schank and Abelson (1977). Similarly, cognitive psychology plays a significant role in understanding and treating the human psyche in both its observable and unconcealed behaviors and its often ambiguous and sometimes mysterious functioning (Cacioppo, 2002).

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Human Development and the Spiritual Life: How Consciousness

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BT focuses on negative schema and dysfunctional attitudes, which are rigid and extreme cognitive structures that negatively filter and bias social and affective information. Personality (3rd ed.) Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. In a review by the Committee on Techniques for the Enhancement of Human Performance (National Research Council, 1994), it was noted that research on cooperative learning has frequently not been well controlled (e.g., nonrandom assignments to treatments, uncontrolled "teacher" and treatment effects), that relatively few studies "have successfully demonstrated advantages for cooperative versus individual learning," and that "a number of detrimental effects arising from cooperative learning have been identified--the "free rider," the "sucker," the "status differential," and "ganging up" effects (see e.g., Salomon and Globerson, 1989, pp. 94-95).

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Creativity and Affect: (Publications in Creativity Research)

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Ionized Norwood gives, shapes wale chicaning henceforward. These funding sources had no role in the design, conduct, or reporting of this project. Average of grade 4.7 and grade 5 in any subjects specified in GCE A-level entry requirements shown above. Lakoff (1973, 1982) has argued that such hedges exist and are signalled by terms like “true” and “technically speaking” or “strictly speaking”. According to Neisser (1981, p. 12): Dean’s account of the opening of the September 15 conversation is wrong both as to the words used and their gist…His testimony had much truth in it, but not at the level of “gist”.

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The Dragons of Eden

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While some context will often be required to assess a component, there are always bounds on how complex such a context need be. Superconductivity requires temperatures close to absolute zero, which means the SQUID has to be immersed in liquid helium at four degrees above the absolute zero of −273°C. Concrete operational (7-11 years): When children reach the concrete operational stage, they become capable of logical thought under concrete circumstances, and an adult-like pattern of thinking begins to emerge.

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